Clarendon will be the title of the slab-serif typeface which was introduced in 1845 by Thorowgood and Co. (or Thorowgood and Besley) of London, a letter foundry typically known as the Fann Avenue Foundry. The original Clarendon design is credited to Robert Besley, a lover inside the foundry, and was initially engraved by punchcutter Benjamin Fox, who can also have contributed to its design and style. Numerous copies, adaptations and revivals are actually introduced, turning into practically an entire genre of type style and design.
Clarendons have a very bold, reliable construction, equivalent in letter structure to your “modern” serif typefaces well-known inside the nineteenth century for human body textual content (by way of example demonstrating an ‘R’ that has a curled leg and ball terminals within the ‘a’ and ‘c’), but bolder and with fewer contrast in stroke excess weight. Clarendon layouts frequently have got a structure with bracketed serifs, which become much larger as they achieve the primary stroke with the letter.
Mitja Miklavcic describes the essential functions of Clarendon designs (and ones labelled Ionic, normally quite identical) as: “plain and sturdy character, robust bracketed serifs, vertical strain, significant x-height, short ascenders and descenders, typeface with minimal contrast” and supports Nicolete Gray’s description of them for a “cross amongst the roman [general-purpose entire body text type] and slab serif model”. Gray notes that nineteenth-century Ionic and Clarendon faces have “a definite differentiation between the thick and also the thin strokes”, compared with another much more geometric slab-serifs.
Clarendon Font Free Download
Slab serif typefaces experienced turn out to be well-liked in British lettering and printing around the prior thirty-five years in advance of the first Clarendon’s launch, both for screen use on signage, architectural lettering and posters and for emphasis in just a block of textual content. The Clarendon layout was promptly extremely popular and was swiftly copied by other foundries to become in result a complete style of style design. Clarendon fonts proved very popular in lots of parts of the world, especially for screen programs such as posters printed with wooden variety. They’re for that reason normally linked with needed posters plus the American Old West.
A revival of interest happened during the post-war time period: Jonathan Hoefler opinions that “some of the best and many important Clarendons are twentieth century designs” and highlights the Haas and Stempel foundry’s daring, large Clarendon display experience as “a vintage that for most people today will be the epitome of your Clarendon model.